medical condition:

Brown Spots

What are Brown Spots on Face? Types and Causes

Brown spots, medically termed solar lentigines or age spots, are flat, benign patches of darkened skin. They appear due to excess melanin production in the skin. Melanin is the pigment responsible for skin color, and its overproduction can lead to uneven skin tone and the formation of brown spots.

Here’s a closer look at the different types and causes of brown spots:

  • Sun damage: Overexposure to ultraviolet (UV) rays from the sun is the primary culprit behind brown spots. UV rays stimulate melanin production, leading to the development of these spots over time.
  • Age: As we age, our skin’s natural cell turnover process slows down. This can lead to the accumulation of melanin-producing cells, causing the appearance of brown spots.
  • Hormonal fluctuations: Changes in hormone levels, particularly during pregnancy or due to hormonal medications, can trigger increased melanin production and the formation of brown spots.
  • Skin inflammation: Certain inflammatory skin conditions like eczema or psoriasis can also contribute to the development of brown spots.

Early Signs of Brown Spots on Your Face: What to Look Out For


Early detection of brown spots allows for prompt intervention and better treatment outcomes. Keep an eye out for these early signs:

  • Appearance of small, flat patches of brown discoloration on the face, hands, or other sun-exposed areas.
  • The spots may initially be light brown and gradually darken over time.
  • The size and shape of the spots may differ.

Risk Factors for Developing Brown Spots

Certain factors can increase your susceptibility to developing brown spots:

  • Fair skin: Individuals with lighter skin tones are more prone to sun damage and hyperpigmentation.
  • Family history: If you have a family history of brown spots, you may be at a higher risk.
  • Certain medications: Some medications, such as birth control pills, can increase sun sensitivity and contribute to brown spots.

Professional Solutions for Removing Dark Spots on Face

For more persistent or severe cases, these professional treatments are recommended:

  • Advanced Technologies: Dermatologists have access to a wider range of tools than at-home remedies. These include:
    • Laser treatments: Precise lasers target and break down melanin clusters, effectively diminishing brown spots.
    • Intense pulsed light (IPL) therapy: Broad-spectrum light pulses tackle hyperpigmentation, offering a gentler alternative to lasers.
    • Cryotherapy: Freezing the affected area with liquid nitrogen destroys abnormal skin cells containing excess melanin.
  • Expert Guidance: A dermatologist can assess your individual needs, skin type, and severity of brown spots. This personalized approach ensures the selection of the most suitable and effective treatment option.
  • Combined Approach: Often, a combination of treatments may be recommended for optimal results. This might involve combining topical creams with laser therapy or chemical peels for a comprehensive approach.

Remember, consulting a board-certified dermatologist is crucial for safe and effective brown spot removal. They can guide you through the treatment process, address any concerns, and ensure the best possible outcome for achieving a clearer, more even-toned complexion.

Preventing Brown Spots on Face: Tips from Dermatologists

Sun protection is the cornerstone of preventing brown spots. Here are key strategies recommended:

  • Sunscreen: Make sunscreen a non-negotiable part of your daily skincare routine. Use a broad-spectrum sunscreen with an SPF of 30 or more, even when it’s overcast. Reapply every two hours, particularly if you’ve been sweating or swimming.
  • Sun-protective clothing: Wear protective clothing like wide-brimmed hats, sunglasses, and long sleeves outdoors for extended periods.
  • Seek shade: During peak sun hours (10 am to 4 pm), limit direct sun exposure and seek shade whenever possible.
  • Minimize inflammation: Address underlying skin conditions like acne or eczema that can contribute to hyperpigmentation. Consult your dermatologist for proper management.
  • Consider antioxidant-rich skincare: Antioxidants help combat free radical damage caused by UV rays, which can contribute to hyperpigmentation. Look for products containing ingredients like vitamin C, green tea extract, and ferulic acid.

Top Treatments for Brown Spots on Face

Treatment options range from topical creams containing hydroquinone or retinol to professional procedures like laser therapy, chemical peels, and microdermabrasion. It’s essential to choose a treatment that aligns with your skin type and the severity of the spots:

  • Topical creams: These creams contain ingredients like hydroquinone, kojic acid, and tretinoin that help lighten brown spots by inhibiting melanin production and promoting cell turnover.
  • Chemical peels: A controlled application of chemical solutions helps remove the outer layer of the skin, revealing smoother and lighter skin underneath.
  • Laser treatment: Laser therapy uses targeted light beams to break down melanin clusters, effectively diminishing the appearance of brown spots.
  • Microneedling: This minimally invasive procedure involves creating microscopic injuries in the skin, triggering the body’s natural healing response, and promoting collagen production, which can improve skin tone and texture.


Brown spots may not pose a health risk, but they can be a cosmetic concern. At Ayana Dermatology & Aesthetics, our board-certified dermatologists are committed to helping you achieve a clearer, more even-toned complexion. We offer a personalized approach to brown spot treatment, combining innovative technology with a deep understanding of the science behind hyperpigmentation.

Call us today to schedule a consultation and discuss the best course of action for addressing your brown spots.

Customer Love: Our Reviews Speak for Themselves

Helen P.
Google review
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I had a great experience at Ayana Dermatology! Dr. Levi is a fantastic physician. She was very kind to me and thorough in her exam. You can clearly see she has a passion for her career and patients. Her clinic is beautiful and clean. Staff was kind and welcoming. I am happy to have found my dermatologist!
Nicole A.
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My experience at Ayana has been nothing short of amazing! I came to Dr. Levi for hair loss, and she took the time to really listen to me and discussed all treatment options with me in detail. Not only do I feel cared for by everyone at the office, but I have also seen significant improvement in my hair growth using Dr. Levi's medical advice and treatment approach. Go to Ayana if you want results and the best care in South FL!
Allan h.
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Dr. Levi and staff were true professionals. Great results and competitive rates. What I thought would take months for my skin to heal was almost gone in only 1 week. Will definitely come back!
Amanda P.
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So blessed to have a AYANA DERMATOLOGY in Wilton Manors!! Good bye med spas - overpriced and lack quality control. Dr. Cherise Mizrahi-Levi Is generous with her knowledge and time. I love learning about how to care for my skin without the med spa gimmicks.
Bernard R.
yelp review
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I am from Miami Beach and now live in Orlando. I am frequently in Fort Lauderdale because that is where my kids live. I have been to many dermatologists over the years. Dr. Levi is by far the best dermatologist I have ever seen. Her attention to detail is incredible. She is highly intelligent and is great at communicating what is going on. I can't put into words how great of a doctor she is. highly recommend her!
Theresa S.
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Amazing service from first call to end of appointments. Been here several times for different things and they are consistently professional and friendly!
Therese N.
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Dr. Levi and her staff were attentive and tried to help with my concerns. Will be seeing her again in about three weeks for a followup.
Kirsten b.
yelp review
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Dr. Levi is amazing. She takes the time to understand your problem and then works with you to improve your condition. You don't feel rushed and you are definitely listened to. Her follow up is fantastic, taking time to call you personally with lab results.
Talia N.
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The best derm experience I’ve ever had, truly. I felt well taken care of by the entire team. Dr. Levi is warm, caring, and incredibly knowledgeable regarding all aspects of dermatology. She took her time to explain everything from A-Z so I didn’t leave with any worries or concerns. I highly recommend this practice! Experienced skin care professionals, Amazing results, Expert facials, Licensed skin care professionals, Professional products, Beautiful results.
Mirit g.
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Thank you for the knowledge, explanation and special treatment Dr. Cherise M. Levi you're the best! Beautiful place, so peaceful & great team! Definitely going to see you soon again 🙂
Elizabeth K.
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Wonderful, caring doctor. Takes her time with patients. Never rushes. Listens to patient & makes informed recommendations. Great support staff. Makes good recommendations for skin care products. Will continue to go to Ayana Dermatology for skin cancer checks.
Ivan D.
yelp review
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Beautiful office great staff very professional the doctor comes with a magnificent history in the industry in NYC she makes you feel very comfortable and i have total confidence in her decisions and advice so glad i found her!

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