medical condition:


What is acne?

Acne develops when there is an excess production of sebum, or oil in the skin, leading to pores becoming clogged, proliferation of bacteria and inflammation. This results in breakouts on the skin in the form of blackheads, whiteheads, pimples or cysts. Once a breakout clears, it can leave long-lasting spots on the skin such as discoloration or scarring.

Acne most often occurs on the face, chest or back and can affect people of all ages.  Newborns may develop a form known as neonatal acne; teenagers undergoing hormonal changes of puberty are frequently faced with acne; athletes develop breakouts in areas of increased sweat or friction;
adult men and women can develop acne around the hairline from certain hair products clogging their pores; and young adult women may develop adult acne on the jawline and around the mouth for the first time, as a result of hormonal influences such as circulating androgens in the body.


What causes acne?

Manage pregnancy acne with Ayana Dermatology & Aesthetics expertise.

In some people, acne can be exacerbated by dietary factors.  Studies have shown that switching to a low glycemic index diet can reduce acne, while high glycemic index foods that cause spikes in blood sugar lead to worsening of acne. 
When blood sugar spikes, there is an increase in inflammation throughout the body, as well as increased sebum (oil) production in the skin, both of which contribute to acne. 

High glycemic index foods include white bread, potato chips, doughnuts and pastries.  Low glycemic index foods include fresh fruits, oat bran, whole grains and non-starchy green vegetables. Dairy products, in particular cow’s milk, have also been shown to contribute to acne based on the theory that hormones in milk lead to inflammation in the body.

what are the treatments for acne?

With the right skin care acne evaluation, acne treatment and care, virtually everyone can have clear skin. The proper treatment and acne regimen depends on the underlying cause of the breakouts, a person’s age, gender, skin type and unique complexion, and the type of acne lesions occurring. It’s important to treat acne in the early stages, before it leads to long-lasting scarring. Daily facial cleansing and use of non-comedogenic products forms the foundation for a skincare regimen. There are several topical over-the-counter and prescription medications which can be used in various combinations for long-term acne control. These include benzoyl peroxide, clindamycin, retinoids, salicylic acid, sulfur and dapsone. For more severe hormonal or cystic acne, oral (systemic) medications are often recommended, such as antibiotics, anti-androgens (including birth control pills and spironolactone) or isotretinoin.

For patients who are not candidates for systemic medications or who prefer alternative treatment options, chemical peels and Intense Pulsed Light (IPL) therapy are effective and safe modalities. Chemical peels are applied topically and can be customized with a blend of ingredients and different ranges of stren. Intense Pulsed Light penetrates into the hair follicle and targets the bacteria responsible for acne (P. acnes), thus reducing active inflammatory acne lesions.

Transformative Female Treatment at Ayana Dermatology & Aesthetics, highlighting rejuvenation and wellness in skincare services.

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Customer Love: Our Reviews Speak for Themselves

Helen P.
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I had a great experience at Ayana Dermatology! Dr. Levi is a fantastic physician. She was very kind to me and thorough in her exam. You can clearly see she has a passion for her career and patients. Her clinic is beautiful and clean. Staff was kind and welcoming. I am happy to have found my dermatologist!
Nicole A.
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My experience at Ayana has been nothing short of amazing! I came to Dr. Levi for hair loss, and she took the time to really listen to me and discussed all treatment options with me in detail. Not only do I feel cared for by everyone at the office, but I have also seen significant improvement in my hair growth using Dr. Levi's medical advice and treatment approach. Go to Ayana if you want results and the best care in South FL!
Allan h.
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Dr. Levi and staff were true professionals. Great results and competitive rates. What I thought would take months for my skin to heal was almost gone in only 1 week. Will definitely come back!
Amanda P.
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So blessed to have a AYANA DERMATOLOGY in Wilton Manors!! Good bye med spas - overpriced and lack quality control. Dr. Cherise Mizrahi-Levi Is generous with her knowledge and time. I love learning about how to care for my skin without the med spa gimmicks.
Bernard R.
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I am from Miami Beach and now live in Orlando. I am frequently in Fort Lauderdale because that is where my kids live. I have been to many dermatologists over the years. Dr. Levi is by far the best dermatologist I have ever seen. Her attention to detail is incredible. She is highly intelligent and is great at communicating what is going on. I can't put into words how great of a doctor she is. highly recommend her!
Theresa S.
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Amazing service from first call to end of appointments. Been here several times for different things and they are consistently professional and friendly!
Therese N.
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Dr. Levi and her staff were attentive and tried to help with my concerns. Will be seeing her again in about three weeks for a followup.
Kirsten b.
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Dr. Levi is amazing. She takes the time to understand your problem and then works with you to improve your condition. You don't feel rushed and you are definitely listened to. Her follow up is fantastic, taking time to call you personally with lab results.
Talia N.
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The best derm experience I’ve ever had, truly. I felt well taken care of by the entire team. Dr. Levi is warm, caring, and incredibly knowledgeable regarding all aspects of dermatology. She took her time to explain everything from A-Z so I didn’t leave with any worries or concerns. I highly recommend this practice! Experienced skin care professionals, Amazing results, Expert facials, Licensed skin care professionals, Professional products, Beautiful results.
Mirit g.
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Thank you for the knowledge, explanation and special treatment Dr. Cherise M. Levi you're the best! Beautiful place, so peaceful & great team! Definitely going to see you soon again 🙂
Elizabeth K.
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Wonderful, caring doctor. Takes her time with patients. Never rushes. Listens to patient & makes informed recommendations. Great support staff. Makes good recommendations for skin care products. Will continue to go to Ayana Dermatology for skin cancer checks.
Ivan D.
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Beautiful office great staff very professional the doctor comes with a magnificent history in the industry in NYC she makes you feel very comfortable and i have total confidence in her decisions and advice so glad i found her!

Frequently asked questions

  • Acne can appear in various forms and severity, but some common characteristics include: Whiteheads: Small, flesh-colored or white bumps that are closed pores, often with a white or yellowish head. Blackheads: Small, dark bumps that are open pores, often appearing black or dark brown in color. Pustules: Red, inflamed bumps with a white or yellow center that may be filled with pus. Papules: Small, red or pink bumps that are slightly raised and tender to the touch. Cysts: Large, painful, deep bumps that may be filled with pus and may leave scars. Acne can appear anywhere on the body, but is most commonly found on the face, neck, chest, and back. The severity of acne can range from mild to severe, with severe cases causing deep, painful cysts and scarring.

  • Acne is a common skin condition that occurs when hair follicles become clogged with oil and dead skin cells. The exact cause of acne is not fully understood, but several factors can contribute to its development, including: Hormonal changes: During puberty, the body produces more androgens, which can cause the sebaceous glands to produce more oil. This excess oil can clog pores and lead to acne. Genetics: Acne tends to run in families, suggesting that there may be a genetic component to its development. Bacteria: A type of bacteria called Cutibacterium acnes (C. acnes, formerly Proprionibacterium acnes) is commonly found on the skin and can contribute to the development of acne. Inflammation: When hair follicles become clogged, they can become inflamed, leading to redness and swelling. Certain medications: Some medications, such as steroids and lithium, can cause acne as a side effect. Environmental factors: Exposure to certain environmental factors, such as pollution and humidity, can also contribute to the development of acne. Mechanical factors: Local acne flares (known as acne mechanica) can occur due to pressure, friction, rubbing, squeezing or stretching.  Exacerbating factors include articles of clothing (tight straps and belts) and recreational gear (helmets and football shoulder pads). It’s important to note that while these factors can contribute to the development of acne, not everyone who experiences them will develop acne. Other factors, such as skin type and hygiene habits, can also play a role.
  • Yes, stress can contribute to the development of acne. When you are under stress, your body releases hormones like cortisol, which can increase the production of oil in the skin. This excess oil can clog pores and lead to the formation of acne. Additionally, stress can weaken the immune system, making it more difficult for the body to fight off bacteria that can contribute to the development of acne. Stress can also lead to changes in your habits that may contribute to the development of acne. For example, stress can cause you to eat more unhealthy foods or neglect your skincare routine, which can increase your risk of developing acne. However, it’s important to note that stress is just one of many factors that can contribute to the development of acne. While reducing stress may help improve the condition of your skin, it may not be enough to completely clear up acne on its own.
  • Yes, diet can affect acne in some people. While the relationship between diet and acne is complex and not fully understood, several studies have suggested that certain foods can exacerbate or alleviate acne symptoms. One study published in the Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics found that a low-glycemic diet, which includes foods with a low glycemic index such as fruits, vegetables, and whole grains, was associated with a reduced risk of acne. High-glycemic foods, such as white bread, pasta, and sweets, can raise blood sugar levels and trigger the release of hormones that stimulate oil production and inflammation, both of which can contribute to acne. Another study published in the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology found that a diet high in dairy products, particularly skim milk, was associated with an increased risk of acne. It is believed that the hormones and growth factors present in milk may contribute to the development of acne. Other foods that have been implicated in the development or worsening of acne include chocolate, fried and fatty foods, and foods high in iodine, such as seafood and iodized salt. However, it’s important to note that not everyone will experience changes in their acne symptoms based on their diet. Acne is a complex condition with many contributing factors, including genetics, hormones, and skin care habits. Therefore, it’s always a good idea to consult with a dermatologist for personalized advice on managing your acne.
  • Yes, family history can influence the development of acne. Acne is a complex condition that results from a combination of genetic, hormonal, and environmental factors, and studies have shown that genetics play a significant role in the development of acne. If a person has a family history of acne, they are more likely to develop acne themselves. In fact, one study found that if both parents had a history of severe acne, their children were more than three times as likely to develop severe acne themselves. Genetic factors may influence the size and activity of sebaceous glands, which produce the oil that can clog pores and lead to acne. Genetics can also affect the way the body responds to hormones such as androgens, which can contribute to the development of acne. It’s important to note that having a family history of acne does not necessarily mean that a person will definitely develop acne. Many other factors, such as diet, stress, and skin care habits, can also influence the development of acne. However, if a person has a family history of acne, they may be more predisposed to developing the condition and should take steps to prevent and manage acne.
  • Acne can occur at any age, although it is most commonly associated with adolescence. In fact, it is estimated that up to 85% of teenagers will experience acne at some point. However, acne can also affect adults, and even infants in rare cases. Acne can be caused by a variety of factors, including hormonal changes, genetics, stress, certain medications, and skincare or cosmetic products. While it is most commonly associated with the face, acne can also appear on other areas of the body, such as the back and chest. If you are concerned about acne or are experiencing persistent or severe acne, it is recommended that you consult with a dermatologist or healthcare provider for guidance and treatment options.
  • Adult acne is acne that occurs in adults, typically after the age of 25. While it is more common in women, men can also experience adult acne. Adult acne can have a variety of causes, including hormonal changes, stress, certain medications, and skincare or cosmetic products. Women may also experience acne as a result of menstrual cycle fluctuations or hormonal imbalances such as polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). The presentation of adult acne can vary, but it typically appears as pimples, blackheads, whiteheads, or cysts on the face, neck, chest, or back. Adult acne can be frustrating and can have a negative impact on self-esteem and quality of life. Treatment for adult acne may include topical or oral medications, as well as lifestyle modifications such as stress management, dietary changes, and proper skincare habits. It is recommended that individuals with adult acne consult with a dermatologist or healthcare provider to determine the best course of treatment for their specific situation.
  • Infantile acne, also known as baby acne, is a common skin condition that affects infants within the first few weeks or months after birth. It is characterized by small, red or white bumps on the baby’s face, particularly on the cheeks, chin, and forehead. The exact cause of infantile acne is not known, but it is thought to be related to hormonal changes in the baby’s body. In most cases, infantile acne is a benign and self-limiting condition that does not require treatment and usually clears up on its own within a few weeks or months. However, in rare cases, infantile acne can be severe and may require medical attention. If you have concerns about your baby’s skin, it’s always a good idea to consult with a pediatrician or dermatologist.
  • If you have acne, you can use makeup, but it’s important to choose the right products and apply them properly to avoid worsening your acne or causing skin irritation. Here are some tips to keep in mind: Look for non-comedogenic and oil-free products: These are less likely to clog your pores and cause acne breakouts. Avoid heavy or greasy makeup, such as those with a high concentration of oils or waxes. Test a small area first: Before applying makeup to your entire face, test it on a small area of skin to ensure it does not cause any irritation or allergic reactions. Cleanse and moisturize your skin before applying makeup: This will help to remove excess oil and dead skin cells, and create a smooth base for your makeup. Use a light touch: Apply makeup gently, using a light touch and avoiding excessive rubbing or pulling of the skin. Remove your makeup before bed: Sleeping with makeup on can clog your pores and lead to breakouts. Clean your makeup brushes: Regularly cleaning your makeup brushes and pads with a gentle cleansing soap will prevent the buildup of dirt, oils and bacteria. It’s also important to note that makeup should not be used as a substitute for proper skincare and acne treatment. If you are experiencing persistent or severe acne, it’s recommended that you consult with a dermatologist or healthcare provider for guidance and treatment options.
  • The best way to treat acne depends on the severity and type of acne you have, as well as your skin type and other individual factors. Here are some general tips that can be helpful for treating acne: Develop a consistent skincare routine: Use a gentle, non-comedogenic cleanser twice a day, and follow up with a moisturizer that is suitable for your skin type. This can help to remove excess oil, dead skin cells, and other impurities that can contribute to acne. Use topical medications: Topical medications such as benzoyl peroxide, salicylic acid, and retinoids can be effective for treating mild to moderate acne. These medications work by killing acne-causing bacteria, unclogging pores, and reducing inflammation. Consider oral medications: Oral antibiotics and isotretinoin may be prescribed by a dermatologist for moderate to severe acne. These medications work by reducing inflammation, killing bacteria, and regulating oil production. Avoid picking or squeezing pimples: This can worsen acne and increase the risk of scarring. Manage stress: Stress can trigger acne breakouts or make existing acne worse, so it’s important to practice stress-reduction techniques such as exercise, meditation, or yoga. It’s important to note that acne treatment can take time, and it may take several weeks or months before you see improvement. If you are concerned about your acne or are experiencing persistent or severe acne, it is recommended that you consult with a dermatologist for guidance and treatment options.
  • Treating acne in skin of color may require some different considerations compared to treating acne in lighter skin tones. Here are a few key factors to keep in mind: Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH): Individuals with skin of color are more prone to hyperpigmentation, which is darkening of the skin due to increased melanin production.  PIH refers to the dark spots that can remain on the skin after an acne breakout has healed. Since individuals with skin of color are more prone to PIH, it’s important to choose acne treatments that are less likely to cause skin irritation or inflammation, and to use products that can help to fade the dark spots, such as vitamin C, azelaic acid and niacinamide. Use caution with skin lightening products: Some individuals with skin of color may be tempted to use skin lightening products to address hyperpigmentation or PIH. However, many of these products can be harmful, overly irritating or ineffective, and it’s important to avoid using them without the guidance of a healthcare provider. Scarring: Skin of color is also more prone to scarring from acne. To minimize scarring, it’s important to avoid picking or squeezing pimples, and to seek treatment for acne early on. Seek the advice of a dermatologist: Because treating acne in skin of color can be more challenging, it’s important to seek the advice of a dermatologist who has experience treating skin of color. They can provide individualized guidance on the best treatment options for your skin type and concerns.

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